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In recent times there has been an increase in the number of bed bug infestations. Bed bugs are common all over the world and also have been found in Australia in tiny numbers. Recently they've become widespread with infestations increasing substantially in Victoria, and most parts of the world, within the previous ten decades. .
The main reason behind the increase is thought to be caused by insecticide resistance; modern bed bugs are resilient to many of those commonly used insecticides. Other contributing factors include the increase in world travel with bed bugs being dispersed in bags, shoes and clothing. Once obtained at turnover accommodation, the hitchhiking bed bugs could then be transported and introduced back to the houses of guests in their own luggage.
Many hostels worldwide have now banned the use of travelers own sleeping linen in common accommodation as a safety precaution against this pest.
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In early infestations, bed bugs are found around the seams, beading and folds of mattresses, sleeping bags and sheets. Since the infestation spreads, the bugs move to any tiny crevices, which may be in bed heads, skirting boards, cracks in plaster and bedroom furniture. Due to their colour, adult bed bugs can easily be spotted with the naked eye on white sheets and bedding, but very difficult to view on brown wooden floors and other black surfaces.
Heavily used hiding areas are evident from black or brown spots of dried blood excrement or spotting. There might be an offensive sweet odour when bed bugs are numerous. This odour sometimes called buggy is similar to the odour when a stink bug is squashed. White eggs, the egg cases and moulted skin cubes might be found near such places, as well as living bed bugs. .
Bed bugs use pheromones to communicate. This method of communication and the launch of alarm pheromones can make them quite difficult to treat as bed bugs become alert and fast vacate the region being treated if not previously properly quarantined.
Bed bugs can also spread into a new residence by traveling between multi-unit housing such as dormitories and apartment buildings. Once they find a host, bed bugs will nourish and are likely to haven in near proximity to the sufferer. In this case, new locations can quickly become infested with bed bugs in a short amount of time. .
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Different individuals have varying reactions to the bites of bed bugs, depending on a number of factors. Some individuals have little or no reaction to the bite. In others the bite site can get red and intensely itchy. This can happen during the course of the night or might take up to 9-14 days to develop.
The wheals can range from 2 cm to 5 cm in width with inflammation common. Anaphylactic shock may possibly happen in individuals that are highly allergic, but this is quite rare. .
Discomfort and loss of sleep is common from the ramifications of bed bugs. Bites may be found on many different places on the body. Another feature is that the bites are in orderly rows, unlike the random pattern of mosquitoes. These rows are caused by the bed bug being upset during feeding and having to pierce the skin to nourish again.
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Bed bugs mainly feed on humans but may also feed on other mammals and poultry if necessary. Although they may carry diseases like hepatitis they are not known to transfer these diseases to individuals.
The survival of mattress bug eggs is an issue. It's not uncommon for the reside bed bugs amongst an infestation to be completely eradicated during an effective treatment cycle, only to have the remaining or surviving eggs hatch and populate the exact location Adelaide Termite Treatment once again. The eggs can also have an incubation period of up to fourteen days and may be deposited in hidden areas that are difficult to deal with. .
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This stubborn tendency of bed bug infestations are created more problematic due to the now smaller size of this newly re-emerged bed bug nymph. Once an infestation is discovered, all adjoining rooms need to be inspected and handled if additionally influenced.
This can be completed by using adhesive tape (if insect numbers are very small) to trap the insect. Vacuuming can also be recommended before chemical treatment because it removes all dust and debris from the website of this infestation making it easier for following chemical control to penetrate and in turn succeed.